So how to find it? Since physicists don't know what dark matter is, they can't build a detector specifically for it. However, it is expected that the particle crushing power of colliders such as the LHC can still produce it. But, since you know what you're putting in, in terms of energy, if something is missing later, you may have produced dark matter in that collision. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, physicists still didn't know how to solve these problems or how to create an integral theory for particle physics.
Particle physicists study matter made up of fundamental particles whose interactions are mediated by exchange particles (caliber bosons) that act as carriers of force. W-boson decays in quarks are difficult to distinguish from the background, and decay in leptons cannot be completely reconstructed (because neutrinos are impossible to detect in particle collision experiments). If caliber invariance was to be maintained, then these particles had to acquire their mass through some other mechanism or interaction. Skiers can glide through snow quite easily, as do lighter particles, such as electrons, which means they have very little mass.
Particles, such as protons, made up of quarks obtain most of their mass from the bonding energy that holds their components together. For example, when two electrons interact, they exchange a photon, the particle that carries force in electromagnetic fields. The relevant particle theory (in this case, the Standard Model) will determine the necessary types of collisions and detectors. It's the “M” in Einstein's famous E%3DMC² equation that tells us that energy and mass are actually the same thing, and that means that when you crush particles with enough force in a collider like the LHC, that energy will spin again and become matter.
Eventually, if CERN succeeds in securing billions of dollars more in funding, it hopes to build an even more powerful accelerator, 100 kilometers round, that will allow it to once again produce new types of particles. The particle was detected both by the LHC ATLAS detector and by the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector. In the extreme energies of these collisions, the desired esoteric particles are produced from time to time, which can be detected and studied; any absence or difference with respect to theoretical expectations can also be used to improve the theory. Without a doubt, the discovery of dark matter would rank next to the God particle as one of the best so far, just because of its quantity, Duffy says.