What does higgs boson prove?

In 1964, researchers began using quantum field theory to study the weak nuclear force (opens in a new tab) that determines the atomic decay of elements by transforming protons into neutrons and their force carriers, the W and Z bosons. This is because the spontaneous breakdown of symmetry does not occur with photons as it happens with their companion particles that carry force, the bosons W and Z. A boson is a force-carrying particle that comes into play when particles interact with each other, and a boson is exchanged during this interaction. However, researchers knew that because the weak force is so strong in short-distance interactions, much more powerful than gravity, but very weak in longer interactions, their bosons must have mass.

However, as physicists populated the particle zoo with electrons, protons, bosons and all kinds of quarks, some pressing questions remained unanswered. Since quantum field theory describes the microscopic world and the quantum fields that fill the universe with wave mechanics, a boson can also be described as a wave in a field.

Keisha Tytler
Keisha Tytler

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